Two of the most popular options in restorative cosmetic dentistry today are Veneers and Lumineers. Both veneers and lumineers are made of thin, durable porcelain material and both can provide natural looking, long lasting results. The two most common types of materials used in dental veneers are composite resins and porcelain.

A dental technician in a dental laboratory may fabricate porcelain veneers; composite veneers are directly fabricated inside your mouth at the dental office. Dental veneers that are indirectly fabricated are bonded to the teeth with various types of resin cement.

Traditional porcelain veneers :

Porcelain veneers alternatively termed "dental veneers" or "dental porcelain laminates," are wafer-thin shells of porcelain permanently bonded to teeth that are discolored, worn, chipped, or misaligned. Porcelain veneers are non-porous (they will not stain), incredibly resilient, and "kind" (non-abrasive) to opposing teeth. When a veneer is firmly bonded to a sturdy substructure (like a tooth) it becomes very strong and durable.

A traditional veneer is essentially a conservative crown. Rather than encompassing the entire tooth, a cosmetic veneer covers the visible part (facial surface) of a tooth preserving a large amount of the natural tooth structure. Veneers can straighten, lengthen and whiten teeth to provide a beautiful smile and even create a more comfortable bite position. For optimal results, each veneered tooth must be shaped. This means that a thin layer (approximately .5 mm) of the natural tooth structure is removed to allow space for veneer placement.


Lumineers are different than a traditional veneer in the way they are manufactured and placed.Lumineers is a brand of porcelain veneers. (DuraThins™ is another brand with similar properties and application.) A Lumineers restoration is as thin as a contact lens and placed over existing teeth without having to remove tooth structure. Like traditional porcelain veneers, Lumineers restorations are an excellent cosmetic solution for stained, chipped, discolored or misaligned teeth.

An ideal candidate for Lumineers must have enough remaining tooth surface on which to bond the Lumineers to ensure long-term results. Since Lumineers do not require the removal of tooth structure, they can be removed if circumstances require it.  


Porcelain veneers and Lumineers resist staining :

A significant advantage of placing porcelain veneers and Lumineers is in the nature of their material. Since porcelain is a ceramic, and therefore glass-like, the porcelain surface of veneers and Lumineers will be extremely stain resistant.

Porcelain veneers and Lumineers can be used to repair minor tooth imperfections and defects :

Teeth that have small chips or whose surface is worn or misshapen are often good candidates for porcelain veneers and Lumineers.

Porcelain veneers and Lumineers can be used to cover over and conceal fillings that have become stained or discolored :

Old fillings and previous attempts at cosmetic bonding that have become discolored can be easily corrected with porcelain veneers or Lumineers.

Porcelain veneers and Lumineers can be used to make color changes for teeth that have permanent stains :

Some teeth are just naturally discolored. This includes teeth that have tetracycline or fluorosis staining and those that have become darkened as a result of physical trauma or root canal treatment. In many cases these teeth are good candidates for porcelain veneers or Lumineers.

In some cases porcelain veneers and Lumineers can be used as alternatives to orthodontic treatment :

Porcelain veneers and Lumineers can be used to close the space (called a "diastema") between a person's teeth. In cases where teeth are slightly crooked to extremely crooked, porcelain veneers and Lumineers can be used to create instant orthodontics.

Crowns & Bridges

Crown and Bridge work also described as restorative dentistry, involves the restoration of natural teeth that have been damaged, decayed or lost. Crowns and bridges can correct missing teeth, bite dysfunction, and functional or structural problems. A crown can restore an individual damaged tooth back to its original form and function, while a bridge can replace one or more teeth. Crown and Bridges can improve the esthetic appearance of the teeth. These restorations are cemented onto the teeth and are referred to as "fixed" dentistry rather than using a removable appliance or partial denture.

A Maryland Bridge

A Maryland Bridge functions as a normal bridge but it is not prepared or built like a conventional bridge.

The supporting teeth in a Maryland bridge are not prepared as crowns are for a
conventional bridge. They are left intact.
The bridge is attached to the outer surfaces of the supporting teeth.
The replacement tooth in the bridge is attached to metal strips which are bonded or stuck to the supporting teeth.

Types of Dental Crowns and Bridges

Porcelain fused to metal

Porcelain fused to metal crowns offer a natural appearance with a better fit than a standard porcelain crown. On the down side they have a metal substructure making it difficult to replicate the translucency of natural teeth. It is possible that a darker line will appear at the edge of the crown, near the gum, as it recedes with age.

Captek  (The Crown with Gold lining)

Captek is an internally reinforced gold material that exhibits the colour, workability and nobility of pure gold along with the strength and workability of the platinum/ palladium family of cast alloys. Captek is not only strong and stable, but non-oxidizing and non-corrosive as well. This means the gray line along the tissue is eliminated.

All Ceramic (Metal free)


  1. IPS Empress System :

    Aesthetics and durability are important considerations for all-ceramics. IPS Empress has proven itself for more than 15 years as regards both criteria. The IPS Empress pressed ceramic system satisfies discerning users and patients all over the world.

    Twenty-five million placed restorations are testimony to the durable true-to-nature effect, long-lasting success and the high quality standard of
    IPS Empress. The IPS Empress System for inlays/onlay, dental veneers, dental crowns and dental bridges comprises high-quality glass-ceramic materials. The IPS Empress all-ceramic materials fulfill today's requirements of aesthetic appearance, functionality and durability.

    Furthermore, the reliability of
    IPS Empress has been proven in millions of restorations.IPS Empress all-ceramics provide impressive aesthetic results because the materials look so natural. IPS Empress all ceramic are used to provide absolutely metal-free restorations. They are a biocompatible alternative for people suffering from allergies.

  2. Procera All Ceram :

    The secret behind Procera All Ceram is its unique combination of strength and beauty. Over the last few years, new technology has made dental porcelain more practical. Until now, porcelain coated ceramic copings has been neither strong enough nor durable enough for widespread use.

    Procera All Ceram combines excellent and profound strength with beautiful esthetics. The material consists of 99.5 percent pure aluminum oxide and is biocompatible, thereby ensuring excellent long-term esthetics.Procera All Ceramis translucent giving the tooth a natural appearance.

    At the same time Procera All Ceramis excellent for concealing underlying surfaces, such as amalgam and root fillings. This Ceram is also customized but still industrially produced, ensuring predictable results. You should try quickly in your mouth with minimal adjustments.

    With the strength in the core material,Procera All Ceramcan be recommended for prosthetic reconstructions anywhere in the mouth. More and more patients are asking for constructions made of material not containing metal or other alloys.Procera All Ceram is made of biocompatible material (comparable to Titanium), which minimizes the risk of allergic reactions. No need to worry about your allergies when you useProcera All Ceram.

    The translucent coping offers remarkable esthetic characteristics. When combined withProcera All CeramPorcelain the advantages are clearly demonstrated. To recreate the beauty of natural your teeth, the porcelain has been formulated to make the most of the coping’s inherent potential and efficiency. It comes in various materials such as ALUMINA and ZIRCONIA.

  3. Wol Ceram System :

  4. The Wol-Ceram ELC (Electro Layering Ceramic) system is a state of the art Electro-layering and CAD/CAM system designed to work with Vita In-Ceram materials that increases accuracy and strength while significantly reducing turn around time. Copings, bridges, implant abutments and implant frames are possible. Because the system works off the original die, it is able to produce an extremely accurate fit and the most precise margins of any CAD/CAM dental system available.

    The special advantage of this procedure lies in the extremely accurate Wol-Ceram coping. The original die is dipped in aluminum oxide, spinell, or zirconia and it's coated by the ELC (Electro Layering Ceramic) process. Thus creating an extremely precise internal and marginal fit - in essence, the perfect-Fit teeth, decay and gum disease.

    When tooth loss occurs, we may recommend the placement of a bridge. Designed to replace missing teeth and support surrounding teeth, a bridge is a grouping of interconnected crowns. Held in place by two crowns, a bridge can reduce the risk of gum disease, help correct bite issues and even improve speech. If performed by a well-trained cosmetic dentist, bridges are effective and durable and can last an excess of 10 years.