Bad Breath (Halitosis)

We are unfortunately not always aware of our own bad breath. A bad taste or a dry mouth may indicate that you have halitosis. Smokers always have bad breath, as do people who eat onions, garlic, strong curry and other strong-smelling foods

List of Bad Breath Causes :

Cavities
Dental abscess, discharge
Dry mouth
Gingivitis

Infections

Medications
Odor-causing foods

Periodontal (gum) disease

Pericoronitis or Swollen Gums behind a partly Erupted Wisdom Tooth

Poor oral hygiene
Sinusitis

Tobacco products

Tonsils

Medical Conditions Causing Bad Breath

Diabetes mellitus (gives an acetone-like smell to the breath)
Fasting (during periods of fasting, fat and protein break down; the resulting odor comes from the waste products of this metabolism)
Infections, especially of the sinuses or lungs
Kidney failure (can give a fishy odor to the breath)
Liver disease

Metabolic disorders (foul, fish-like odor that comes and goes and may be difficult to diagnose)


There is lot you can do
  • The remedy is to brush and floss your teeth after breakfast and before going to sleep at night.
  • Keeping your tooth clean and free of plaque is essential.
  • The following usually contain mouth freshening ingredients. They all help.
    – Toothpastes.
    – Mouthwashes.
    – Chewing gum.
    – Peppermints.
  • Thorough cleaning is even more important during orthodontic treatment, as food accumulates around the braces.
  • Brush your tongue as well as your teeth.
  • Tongue cleaners can be used to scrape the surface of the tongue, where bacteria can convert food particles into bad smelling sulphur gases.
  • In case of dry mouth Saliva substitutes in the form of mouthwashes, lozenges and toothpastes can relieve the dryness. Sugarless chewing gum stimulates the flow of saliva.
  • Dentures should be removed at night and cleaned in order to keep the breath fresh.
  • See your dentist twice a year. He will then be able to detect any problems that may be developing.


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Dentist can cure bad breath
  • Proper cleaning and scaling of your teeth by your dentist or dental hygienist will improve your breath.
    They will remove any plaque or calculus remaining on your teeth. This should be done twice a year.

  • Your dentist may prescribe an anti-microbial mouthwash to kill the bacteria, which cause the halitosis.  In case of dry mouth Sialagogues (medications that stimulate saliva) may be prescribed. Treatment of the gum disease, cavities, dental abscess, pericoronitis will eliminate bad breath.

  • Your dentist may recommend that you see your physician if the cause of the halitosis is not in the mouth.


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